CFLRI Surveillance and Monitoring Program

Craig CL, Cameron CA, Bauman A. Utility of Surveillance Research to Inform Physical Activity Policy: An Exemplar From Canada. J Phys Act Health. 2017 Mar;14(3):229-239. doi: 10.1123/jpah.2015-0698. Epub 2016 Dec 5.

Craig CL, Cameron C, Griffiths J, Bauman A, Tudor-Locke C, Andersen RE. Non-response bias in physical activity trend estimates. BMC Public Health. 2009 Nov 22;9:425. doi: 10.1186/1471-2458-9-425.

Craig CL, Russell SJ, Cameron C, Bauman A. Twenty-year trends in physical activity among Canadian adults. Can J Public Health. 2004 Jan-Feb;95(1):59-63.

Craig CL, Russell SJ, Cameron C. Reliability and validity of Canada's Physical Activity Monitor for assessing trends. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2002 Sep;34(9):1462-7.

Pedometer Research

Cameron C, Craig CL, Bauman A, Tudor-Locke C. CANPLAY study: Secular trends in steps/day amongst 5-19year-old Canadians between 2005 and 2014.Prev Med. 2016 May;86:28-33. doi: 10.1016/j.ypmed.2015.12.020. Epub 2016 Jan 4.

Craig CL, Cameron C, Tudor-Locke C. CANPLAY pedometer normative reference data for 21,271 children and 12,956 adolescents. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2013 Jan;45(1):123-9. doi: 10.1249/MSS.0b013e31826a0f3a.

Craig CL, Cameron C, Tudor-Locke C. Relationship between parent and child pedometer-determined physical activity: a sub-study of the CANPLAY surveillance study. Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act. 2013 Jan 18;10:8. doi: 10.1186/1479-5868-10-8.

Tudor-Locke C, Craig CL, Cameron C, Griffiths JM. Canadian children's and youth's pedometer-determined steps/day, parent-reported TV watching time, and overweight/obesity: the CANPLAY Surveillance Study. Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act. 2011 Jun 25;8:66. doi: 10.1186/1479-5868-8-66.

Craig CL, Cameron C, Griffiths JM, Tudor-Locke C. Descriptive epidemiology of youth pedometer-determined physical activity: CANPLAY. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2010 Sep;42(9):1639-43. doi: 10.1249/MSS.0b013e3181d58a92.

Craig CL, Tudor-Locke C, Cragg S, Cameron C. Process and treatment of pedometer data collection for youth: the Canadian Physical Activity Levels among Youth study. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2010 Mar;42(3):430-5. doi: 10.1249/MSS.0b013e3181b67544.

Assessing Impact

Craig CL, Bauman AE. The impact of the Vancouver Winter Olympics on population level physical activity and sport participation among Canadian children and adolescents: population based study. Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act. 2014 Sep 3;11:107. doi: 10.1186/s12966-014-0107-y.

Fisher, KL Mawani A, von Tigerstrom B, Larre T, Cameron C, Chad K, Reeder B, Tremblay M. Awareness and Use of Canada's Children's Fitness Tax Credit (October 1, 2013). Canadian Tax Journal/Revue Fiscale Canadienne, Vol. 61, No. 3, 2013. Available at SSRN:

Craig CL, Bauman A, Latimer-Cheung A, Rhodes RE, Faulkner G, Berry TR, Tremblay MS, Spence JC. An Evaluation of the My ParticipACTION Campaign to Increase Self-Efficacy for Being More Physically Active. J Health Commun. 2015;20(9):995-1003. doi: 10.1080/10810730.2015.1012240. Epub 2015 Jul 7.

Craig CL, Bauman A, Reger-Nash B. Testing the hierarchy of effects model: ParticipACTION's serial mass communication campaigns on physical activity in Canada. Health Promot Int. 2009 Oct 29. [Epub ahead of print]

Craig CL, Bauman A, Gauvin L, Robertson J, Murumets K. ParticipACTION: A mass media campaign targeting parents of inactive children; knowledge, saliency, and trialing behaviours. Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act. 2009 Dec 9;6:88. doi: 10.1186/1479-5868-6-88.

Spence JC, Brawley LR, Craig CL, Plotnikoff RC, Tremblay MS, Bauman A, Faulkner GE, Chad K, Clark MI. ParticipACTION: awareness of the participACTION campaign among Canadian adults--examining the knowledge gap hypothesis and a hierarchy-of-effects model. Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act. 2009 Dec 9;6:85. doi: 10.1186/1479-5868-6-85.

Plotnikoff RC, Todosijczuk I, Faulkner G, Pickering MA, Cragg S, Chad K, Spence JC, Tremblay M, Craig CL, Bauman A, Brawley L, Gauvin L. ParticipACTION: Baseline assessment of the 'new ParticipACTION': A quantitative survey of Canadian organizational awareness and capacity. Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act. 2009 Dec 9;6:86. doi: 10.1186/1479-5868-6-86.

Cameron C, Craig CL, Bull FC, Bauman A. Canada's physical activity guides: has their release had an impact? Can J Public Health. 2007;98 Suppl 2:S161-9.

Craig CL, Tudor-Locke C, Bauman A. Twelve-month effects of Canada on the Move: a population-wide campaign to promote pedometer use and walking. Health Educ Res. 2007 Jun;22(3):406-13. Epub 2006 Sep 13.

Craig CL, Cragg SE, Tudor-Locke C, Bauman A. Proximal impact of Canada on the Move: the relationship of campaign awareness to pedometer ownership and use. Can J Public Health. 2006 Mar-Apr;97 Suppl 1:S21-7, S22-9. English, French.

Bauman A, Craig CL, Cameron C. Low levels of recall among adult Canadians of the CSEP/Health Canada physical activity guidelines. Can J Appl Physiol. 2005 Apr;30(2):246-52.

Contributing to International Research

NCD Risk Factor Collaboration (NCD-RisC). Long-term and recent trends in hypertension awareness, treatment, and control in 12 high-income countries: an analysis of 123 nationally representative surveys. Lancet. 2019 Aug 24;394(10199):639-651. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(19)31145-6. Epub 2019 Jul 18.

NCD Risk Factor Collaboration (NCD-RisC). Rising rural body-mass index is the main driver of the global obesity epidemic in adults. Nature. 2019 May;569(7755):260-264. doi: 10.1038/s41586-019-1171-x. Epub 2019 May 8.

NCD Risk Factor Collaboration (NCD-RisC). Contributions of mean and shape of blood pressure distribution to worldwide trends and variations in raised blood pressure: a pooled analysis of 1018 population-based measurement studies with 88.6 million participants. Int J Epidemiol. 2018 Mar 19. doi: 10.1093/ije/dyy016. [Epub ahead of print]

NCD Risk Factor Collaboration (NCD-RisC). Worldwide trends in body-mass index, underweight, overweight, and obesity from 1975 to 2016: a pooled analysis of 2416 population-based measurement studies in 128·9 million children, adolescents, and adults. Lancet. 2017 Dec 16;390(10113):2627-2642. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(17)32129-3. Epub 2017 Oct 10.

NCD Risk Factor Collaboration (NCD-RisC). Worldwide trends in blood pressure from 1975 to 2015: a pooled analysis of 1479 population-based measurement studies with 19·1 million participants. Lancet. 2017 Jan 7;389(10064):37-55. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(16)31919-5. Epub 2016 Nov 16.

NCD Risk Factor Collaboration (NCD-RisC). A century of trends in adult human height. Elife. 2016 Jul 26;5. pii: e13410. doi: 10.7554/eLife.13410.

Cloostermans L, Wendel-Vos W, Doornbos G, Howard B, Craig CL, Kivimäki M, Tabak AG, Jefferis BJ, Ronkainen K, Brown WJ, Picavet SH, Ben-Shlomo Y, Laukkanen JA, Kauhanen J, Bemelmans WJ. Independent and combined effects of physical activity and body mass index on the development of Type 2 Diabetes - a meta-analysis of 9 prospective cohort studies. Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act. 2015 Dec 1;12:147. doi: 10.1186/s12966-015-0304-3.

Global Burden of Metabolic Risk Factors for Chronic Diseases Collaboration. Cardiovascular disease, chronic kidney disease, and diabetes mortality burden of cardiometabolic risk factors from 1980 to 2010: a comparative risk assessment. Lancet Diabetes Endocrinol. 2014 Aug;2(8):634-47. doi: 10.1016/S2213-8587(14)70102-0. Epub 2014 May 16. Review.

Danaei G, Singh GM, Paciorek CJ, Lin JK, Cowan MJ, Finucane MM, Farzadfar F, Stevens GA, Riley LM, Lu Y, Rao M, Ezzati M; Global Burden of Metabolic Risk Factors of Chronic Diseases Collaborating Group. The global cardiovascular risk transition: associations of four metabolic risk factors with national income, urbanization, and Western diet in 1980 and 2008. Circulation. 2013 Apr 9;127(14):1493-502, 1502e1-8. doi: 10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.113.001470. Epub 2013 Mar 12.

Stevens GA, Singh GM, Lu Y, Danaei G, Lin JK, Finucane MM, Bahalim AN, McIntire RK, Gutierrez HR, Cowan M, Paciorek CJ, Farzadfar F, Riley L, Ezzati M; Global Burden of Metabolic Risk Factors of Chronic Diseases Collaborating Group (Body Mass Index). National, regional, and global trends in adult overweight and obesity prevalences. Popul Health Metr. 2012 Nov 20;10(1):22. doi: 10.1186/1478-7954-10-22.

Finucane MM, Stevens GA, Cowan MJ, Danaei G, Lin JK, Paciorek CJ, Singh GM, Gutierrez HR, Lu Y, Bahalim AN, Farzadfar F, Riley LM, Ezzati M; Global Burden of Metabolic Risk Factors of Chronic Diseases Collaborating Group (Body Mass Index). National, regional, and global trends in body-mass index since 1980: systematic analysis of health examination surveys and epidemiological studies with 960 country-years and 9·1 million participants. Lancet. 2011 Feb 12;377(9765):557-67. doi: 10.1016/S0140-6736(10)62037-5. Epub 2011 Feb 3.

Sallis JF, Bowles HR, Bauman A, Ainsworth BE, Bull FC, Craig CL, Sjöström M, De Bourdeaudhuij I, Lefevre J, Matsudo V, Matsudo S, Macfarlane DJ, Gomez LF, Inoue S, Murase N, Volbekiene V, McLean G, Carr H, Heggebo LK, Tomten H, Bergman P. Neighborhood environments and physical activity among adults in 11 countries. Am J Prev Med. 2009 Jun;36(6):484-90. doi: 10.1016/j.amepre.2009.01.031.

Bauman A, Ainsworth BE, Sallis JF, Hagströmer M, Craig CL, Bull FC, Pratt M, Venugopal K, Chau J, Sjöström M; IPS Group. The descriptive epidemiology of sitting. A 20-country comparison using the International Physical Activity Questionnaire (IPAQ). Am J Prev Med. 2011 Aug;41(2):228-35. doi: 10.1016/j.amepre.2011.05.003.

Bauman A, Bull F, Chey T, Craig CL, Ainsworth BE, Sallis JF, Bowles HR, Hagstromer M, Sjostrom M, Pratt M; IPS Group. The International Prevalence Study on Physical Activity: results from 20 countries. Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act. 2009 Mar 31;6:21. doi: 10.1186/1479-5868-6-21.

Ding D, Adams MA, Sallis JF, Norman GJ, Hovell MF, Chambers CD, Hofstetter CR, Bowles HR, Hagströmer M, Craig CL, Gomez LF, De Bourdeaudhuij I, Macfarlane DJ, Ainsworth BE, Bergman P, Bull FC, Carr H, Klasson-Heggebo L, Inoue S, Murase N, Matsudo S, Matsudo V, McLean G, Sjöström M, Tomten H, Lefevre J, Volbekiene V, Bauman AE. Perceived neighborhood environment and physical activity in 11 countries: do associations differ by country? Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act. 2013 May 14;10:57. doi: 10.1186/1479-5868-10-57.

Adams MA, Ding D, Sallis JF, Bowles HR, Ainsworth BE, Bergman P, Bull FC, Carr H, Craig CL, De Bourdeaudhuij I, Gomez LF, Hagströmer M, Klasson-Heggebø L, Inoue S, Lefevre J, Macfarlane DJ, Matsudo S, Matsudo V, McLean G, Murase N, Sjöström M, Tomten H, Volbekiene V, Bauman A. Patterns of neighborhood environment attributes related to physical activity across 11 countries: a latent class analysis. Int J Behav Nutr Phys Act. 2013 Mar 14;10:34. doi: 10.1186/1479-5868-10-34.

Craig CL, Marshall AL, Sjöström M, Bauman AE, Booth ML, Ainsworth BE, Pratt M, Ekelund U, Yngve A, Sallis JF, Oja P. International physical activity questionnaire: 12-country reliability and validity. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2003 Aug;35(8):1381-95.

Longitudinal Research

Craig CL, Shields M, Leblanc AG, Tremblay MS. Trends in aerobic fitness among Canadians, 1981 to 2007-2009. Appl Physiol Nutr Metab. 2012 Jun;37(3):511-9. doi: 10.1139/h2012-023. Epub 2012 Apr 19.

Lubans DR, Trihn L, Craig CL. A 15-year longitudinal test of the theory of planned behaviour to predict physical activity in a randomized national sample of Canadian adults. J Psych Sport. 2012,  13(5) 521-7

Janssen I, Shields M, Craig CL, Tremblay MS. Changes in the obesity phenotype within Canadian children and adults, 1981 to 2007-2009. Obesity (Silver Spring). 2012 Apr;20(4):916-9. doi: 10.1038/oby.2011.122. Epub 2011 May 12.

Herman KM, Hopman WM, Craig CL. Sex differences in the association of youth body mass index to adult health-related quality of life: the physical activity longitudinal study. Can J Public Health. 2011 Jan-Feb;102(1):42-6.

Janssen I, Shields M, Craig CL, Tremblay MS. Prevalence and secular changes in abdominal obesity in Canadian adolescents and adults, 1981 to 2007-2009. Obes Rev. 2011 Jun;12(6):397-405. doi: 10.1111/j.1467-789X.2010.00815.x. Epub 2010 Oct 26.

Herman KM,Hopman WM, Craig CL. Are youth BMI and physical activity associated with better or worse than expected health-related quality of life in adulthood?  The Physical Activity Longitudinal Study. Quality of Life Research [Epub 10.1007/s11136-010-9586-8]

Herman KM, Craig CL, Gauvin L, Katzmarzyk PT.Tracking of obesity and physical activity from childhood to adulthood: the Physical Activity Longitudinal Study. Int J Pediatr Obes. 2009;4(4):281-8.

Barnett TA, Gauvin L, Craig CL, Katzmarzyk PT. Distinct trajectories of leisure time physical activity in adults and predictors of trajectory class membership: a 22 year cohort study . Int J Behav NutrPhys Act 2008 Nov 7; 5:57

Mason C, Craig CL, Katzmarzyk PT. Influence of central and extremity circumferences on all-cause mortality in men and women. Obesity (Silver Spring). 2008 Dec;16(12):2690-5. Epub 2008 Oct 16.

Mason C,  Katzmarzyk PT,  Craig CL,  Gauvin L. Mortality and self-rated health in Canada. J Phys Act Health.  2007 Oct; 4(4):423-33.

Barnett TA, Gauvin L, Craig CL, Katzmarzyk PT. Modifying Effects of Sex, Age, and Education on 22-Year Trajectory of Leisure-Time Energy Expenditure in a Canadian Cohort. J Phys Act Health. 2007;4:1-14.

Brien SE, Katzmarzyk PT, Craig CL, Gauvin L. Physical activity, cardiorespiratory fitness and body mass index as predictors of substantial weight gain and obesity: the Canadian physical activity longitudinal study.Can J Public Health. 2007 Mar-Apr;98(2):121-4.

Katzmarzyk P, Craig CL, Gauvin L. Adiposity, physical fitness and incident diabetes: the physical activity longitudinal study. Diabetologia.  2007 Mar;50(3):538-544. Epub 2007 Jan 13.

Mason C, Brien SE, Craig CL, Gauvin L, Katzmarzyk PT. Musculoskeletal fitness and weight gain in Canada. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2007 Jan;39(1):38-43.

Craig CL, Bauman A, Phongsavan PH, Stephens TM, Harris SJ. Jolly, Fit and Fat: Should we be singing the Santa Too Fat Blues? CMAJ. 2006; 175(12):1563-1566

Craig CL, Gauvin L, Cragg SE, Katzmarzyk P, Stephens TM, Russell SJ, Bentz L, & Potvin L. Towards a Social Epidemiological Perspective of Physical Activity and Health: The Aims, Design and Methods of the Physical Activity Longitudinal Study (PALS). J Phys Act Health. 2005;3:272-84

Tremblay A, Després JP, Leblanc C, Craig CL, Ferris B, Stephens T, Bouchard C. Effect of intensity of physical activity on body fatness and fat distribution. Am J Clin Nutr. 1990 Feb;51(2):153-7.

Stephens T, Craig CL, Ferris BF. Adult physical fitness and hypertension in Canada: findings from the Canada Fitness Survey II. Can J Public Health. 1986 Jul-Aug;77(4):291-5.

Stephens T, Craig CL, Ferris BF. Adult physical activity in Canada: findings from the Canada Fitness Survey I. Can J Public Health. 1986 Jul-Aug;77(4):285-90.

Mortality papers

Katzmarzyk PT, Church TS, Craig CL, Bouchard C. Sitting Time and Mortality from All Causes, Cardiovascular Disease and Cancer Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2009;41(5):998-1005.

Katzmarzk PT, Craig CL. Independent effects of waist circumference and physical activity on all-cause mortality in Canadian women. Appl Physiol Nutr Metab. 2006 Jun;31(3):271-6.

Katzmarzyk PT, Craig CL. Musculoskeletal fitness and risk of mortality. Med Sci, Sports Exerc 2002;34(5): 740-744.

Katzmarzyk PT, Craig CL, Bouchard C. Adiposity, adipose tissue distribution and mortality rates in the Canada Fitness Survey follow-up study. Int J Obes Relat Metab Disord. 2002 Aug;26(8):1054-9.

Katzmarzyk PT, Craig CL, Bouchard C. Underweight, overweight and obesity: relationships with mortality in the 13–year follow-up of the Canada Fitness Survey. J. Clin Epid 2001;54:916-920.

Villeneuve PJ, Morrison H, Craig CL, Schaubel DE. Physical activity, physical fitness and the risk of dying. Epidemiology. 1998;9:623-635.